Feeding in catfish farming is the most important task in fish farming towards a profitable catfish production. This is because, during feeding, the farmer get to observe the general welfare and growth of the fish, identifying the ones that might be ill or not growing properly, since their response to feeding might differ.
The feeding behavior of the fish is often a clue to the health of the fish and its response to the conditions and environment of the pond. Good experience in the behavior of fish should enable the person to properly observe them during feeding and also give the right feedback.
Regarding catfish feeding practices, there is no one standard practice that should apply to all farms. Every farm is peculiar and feeding practices should be based on the situation of the farm. Base on the size of the pond, you might want to feed the fish by training them to converge at a spot for a small pond (Spot Feeding) and at multiple spots for a larger pond, or you can choose to spread out the feed (Disperse Feeding) to reach every area of the pond for the fish to eat at whatever spot they choose.
No matter the feeding style you choose to employ, it is appropriate to use what will be suitable for your pond size and fish age. Experts would recommend the use of floating pelletised feed for profitable return, where a portion is used to groom the fish. Most farmers prefer using floating feed as it helps the farmer check the fish’s activity and their general condition as it reduces wastage of feed and many other benefits.
Other fish feeding practices to note are highlighted below:
The usual practice is to feed the fish is twice daily. More than twice might lead to water pollution among others.
Avoid underfeeding the fish or skipping daily meals in order to avoid cannibalism, poor growth.
Always use good quality feed. Don’t choose a brand of feed because it is cheaper. Go for a fish feed that is highly nutritious and best suits your farming style.
If you notice any sign of disease and an increased death rate of the fish, you should quickly consult your Veterinary Doctor to check the exact situation that had led to such circumstance
For good profit for your business, avoid wasting feed via over feeding.